Head Start/Early Head Start in California Data Report

 

2014 - 2015 Program Statistics

Fiscal Year 2015 Estimated Funding: $984,910,932*
Total Funded Enrollment (F14-15) --- 108,421


Totals by Funding Design

Enrollment

HS

(3-5 yrs.old)

EHS

(0-2 yrs.old)

Region IX Funded Enrollment in California

86,248
15,057
Migrant & Seasonal Funded Enrollment in California
2,801
3,683
Tribal Funded Enrollment in California
516
116

Age of Actual Enrollment
 
Program Models
Children 0-1 year old
4.92%
Full-day (4&5day)
24.46%
Children 1 year old
6.12%
Part-day (4&5day)
58.50%
Children 2 years old
10.28%
full/part day in Double Sessions - 28.05%
Children 3 years old
35.70%
Home-based
13.27%
Children 4 years old
40.65%
Combination Option
.80%
Children 5 years old
.99%
Locally Designed (LDO)
0%
Pregnant Women
1.34%
Family Child Care
2.97%
     
Ethnic Composition
Family Information
Hispanic or Latino
74.32%
Actual Number of Families Served
122,436
Non-Hispanic/Non-Latino
25.68%
Pregnant Women
1.34%
 
Families on TANF
24.37%
Racial Composition
Families on WIC
74.48%
Native American
7.13%
Families on SSI
4.14%
Asian
4.54%
Children w/o Insurance, start of year
4.23%
Black
9.25%
Children w/o Insurance, end of year
1.40%
Pacific Islander/Other
0.53%
Parent w/less than High School Grad
35.93%
White
52.35%
Parent with High School or GED
34.65%
Biracial or MultiRacial
5.82%
Parent w/Some College, Voc. Sch.AA/AS
24.02%
Other Race
15.90%
Parent with Bachelors or Adv. Degree
4.93%
Unspecified Race
4.48%
Families served who were Homeless
2.92%
    Homeless families aquired housing
21.00%
     
Classroom Teacher Information
Home Language:
Education Level
English
47.95%
Associates Degree, ECE & Related
31.18%
Spanish
46.56%
Baccalaureate Degree or above
63.70%
Central/South American and Mexican
0.49%
CDA Credential/State Equivalent
4.15%
Middle Eastern/South Asian
1.12%
Enrolled, Related Degree Program
10.12%
East Asian
2.78%
 
Native No. American/Alaska Native
0.01%
Ethnic Composition of Child Development Staff:
Pacific Island
0.09%
Hispanic or Latino
62.32%
European and Slavic
0.45%
Non-Hispanic/Non-Latino
37.68%
African
0.21%
 
Other
0.07%

Racial Composition of Child Development Staff:



Unspecified
0.27%
Native American
2.65%
 
Asian
8.20%
Family Service provided/requested during program year:
Black
8.44%
Emergency/ Crisis Intervention
14.24%
Pacific Islander/Other
2.36%
Housing Assistance
6.22%
White
47.12%
Health Education
47.54%
Biracial or MultiRacial
3.93%
Parenting Education
57.72%
Other
17.89%
English Classes (ESL)
8.63%
Unspecified Race
9.13%
Adult Education (GED) Classes
15.14%
    Relationship/Marriage Education
2.81%
Total number of HS/EHS Staff:   Mental Health
9.00%
Staff 22,508  Child Abuse & Neglect Services
14.63%
Staff that are/ were HS parents
21.80%
Assistance to families of incarcerated
.59%
    

Job Training

7.62%
Total number of Volunteers:    
Volunteers 103,943
Volunteers that are/ were HS parents
81.61%

Head Start/Early Head Start in California

Fact Sheet

In California’s Head Start community there are 22,508 staff serving children and families. Twenty–two percent of the employees are or were Head Start or Early Head Start parents. During this past program year, over 103,826 volunteers provided service to local Head Start programs. Eighty-two percent of the volunteers are current or former parents of the local Head Start program.

During the 2014- 2015 Program Year, 110,214 children enrolled completed all medical screenings -- of those screened, 11.5% were identified as needing follow-up treatment and of those referred 92.2% received/receiving treatment for the following conditions (in some cases more than one type of treatment referral was made) :

Asthma 56.1%
Anemia 36.7%
Vision Problems 28.9%
Hearing Difficulties 7.4%
High Lead Levels 3.5%

At the time of enrollment 19,083children (14.6%) were classified as obese, 13,784 children (10.5%) as overweight and 4,568 children (3.5%) as underweight.

93.2% of the children enrolled in California’s Head Start/Early Head Start/Tribal/Migrant had access to dental care, of those children 70.7% received dental examinations – 11.5% were identified as needing treatment. Over 91,019 Head Start children received preventive dental care in 2014 -2015.

During the 2014 - 2015 Program Year, 14,858 or 11.3% of those enrolled consisted of children with disabilities. Of those the top five areas most identified were:

Speech Impairment 65.7%
Autism 5.7%
Developmental Delay 2.5%
Intellectual Disabilities 1.9%
Health Impairment 1.2%

During the 2014 – 2015 Program Year, the majority of families were employed, yet eligible for services under income guidelines. 56.3% of the families served were two-parent families.
For Migrant Head Start, 71.7% of the families served were two-parent families. Of families being served in California:

20.3% of the two-parent families were both working
64.3% of the two-parent families had one parent working
48.9% of the one-parent families were working during the year

In fall 2015, Head Start programs sent 42,963 children on to kindergarten to over 1238 different local school districts. 61.9% of those districts have formal agreements to coordinate transition services for children and families.

Five different agency types delivered Head Start/Early Head Start services in 2014 - 2015:

Public/Private Non-Profits 46.6%
School Systems 30.6%
Community Action Agencies 11.8%
Government Agencies 5.9%
Tribal Government/Consort 5.1%

*Estimate for fiscal year 2015 funding - Justification of Estimates for Appropriations Committees, Fiscal Year 2015. March 2014. Administration for Children and Families, Department of Health and Human Services. https://www.acf.hhs.gov/sites/default/files/olab/2015_acf_cj_posted_on_3_7_14.pdf


Project Head Start/Early Head Start

Head Start/Early Head Start is a federally funded child development program for very low-income young children and their families. Since its inception in 1965, more than 20 million children and families nationally have benefited from Head Start's comprehensive services. Statewide, this number is estimated to be in excess of 1,000,000 children and families. The primary target population for Project Head Start/Early Head Start is children between the ages of 0-5 and pregnant women from families living below the federal poverty line. Head Start/Early Head Start programs are funded by the Federal Department of Health and Human Services directly to local community agencies.

The Head Start/Early Head Start program is based on the premise that all children share certain needs, and that children from low-income families, in particular, can benefit from a comprehensive developmental program to meet those needs. Head Start/Early Head Start is a family-oriented, comprehensive, and community-based program to address developmental goals for children, support for parents in their work and child-rearing roles, and linkage with other service delivery systems.

The Head Start/Early Head Start philosophy rests on four basic principles:

  • A child can benefit most from a comprehensive, interdisciplinary program to foster normal development and remedy problems.
  • Parents are the primary educators of their children and must be directly involved in the program.
  • The well-being of children is inextricably linked to the well-being of the entire family.
  • Partnerships with other agencies and organizations in the community are essential to meeting family needs.

The comprehensive Head Start/Early Head Start program includes the following four services:

Education/Special Education Services - Early childhood education services are delivered through several program options including half-day preschool, extended day, full day and year round. Each class is staffed by a teacher, teacher aide and parent volunteers. Head Start Performance Standards require that the early childhood classroom program be developmentally and culturally appropriate for children and families enrolled. In addition, parent education activities are provided to help parents support their children=s development and education. In the Home Based model, education services are delivered through weekly, parent-focused, home visits. Additionally, a minimum of 10% of children enrolled must be children with challenging abilities.

Health Services - The Head Start/Early Head Start health component includes medical, dental, nutrition, and mental health. Services include immunizations, medical, and dental screening with required follow-up treatment. Children receive at least one-third of their daily nutritional requirements each day they attend Head Start. Parents receive health information and materials. The mental health component is often supported by psychologists and/or full time Social Workers. Collectively they provide crisis intervention and follow-up, parenting classes, child observations with feedback to teachers and parents, short-term counseling and other preventive mental health services.

Social Services - Head Start/Early Head Start social service staff assist parents to meet their needs through education, advocacy, and referral. Staff-help parents assess family needs, develop strategies, access resources, and solve problems. Staff also serves as a link to other community agencies, helping them better understand and meet the needs of Head Start/Early Head Start families.

Parent Involvement/Community Partnerships - Parent involvement is the cornerstone of Head Start/Early Head Start. Parents are involved in the Head Start/Early Head Start program in a variety of ways, including volunteering in the classroom, participate in activities and workshops they have helped plan, participating as decision-makers on the Parent Center Committee or Parent Policy Council, and as staff. In 1991, 36% of the staff nationwide were parents of current or former Head Start children. Over 606,000 parents volunteered in their local Head Start/Early Head Start program. California's staffing includes approximately 28% current and former parents employed. Head Start/Early Head Start establishes individualized partnerships with parents that facilitates their: 1) being the primary teachers of their children; 2) becoming self sufficient; 3) improvement of parenting skills; 4) realizing their potential.

Head Start/Early Head Start agencies in California also provide a broad range of additional services to low-income families through other funding sources and partnerships with other agencies. These services include State Preschool/Head Start wrap-around programs, Child Care, Literacy, Employment & Training, Emergency Food, Housing Referral, Public School Transition Services, Before/After School Care, Parent Intern/Mentor Program, Male Involvement, America Reads, Child Care Collaboration, Grandparent

 

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Mission Statement

The California Head Start Association is the unified voice providing leadership and advocacy for the Head Start community.

Vision Statement

The California Head Start Association will be an important strategic partner representing Head Start interests in California and the nation.